To vs. Too: How Should You Use To and Too?
- To is a preposition with several meanings, including “toward” and “until.”
- Too is an adverb that can mean “excessively” or “also.”
- Just to be clear: two is pronounced the same as to and too, but it can’t be used instead of either of them because it’s a number.
In the hierarchy of things that drive grammar sticklers mad, to and too are near the top. It’s very common to see them confused, abused, and misused, and not just in YouTube comments or on Reddit. People seem to mix up these two funny little words all over the place, and it’s something that can happen to anyone.
How to Use To
To is a preposition and a versatile little word that can be used to say many things. You can use it to indicate a goal or a direction of movement, as well as a place of arrival. That’s the way you use it when you say you’re going to class tomorrow. To also plays a role when we want to indicate that a verb is an infinitive.
You’ll often use to when you want to indicate a relationship between words, relationship like possession, attachment, and addition. You get attached to people, you have things that belong to you. To is also used to indicate a range or a period of time, like when you say it will take you five to ten minutes to finish something.
There are other things for which we use the word to, but by now you should know enough of them to make sure you notice the difference between it and too.
How to Use Too
Too is also a useful little word, but it’s not a preposition like to, and it doesn’t have as many meanings. You can use it instead of “besides,” “in addition,” “also,” or “as well.” But you can use it for other things, too, like when you want to indicate excessiveness. If you find grammar tough, you can say that it’s too hard. In casual speech, speakers sometimes use too in the sense of “very”: That gal is too funny!
To, Too, and Two
Apart from being spelled very similarly, to and too are pronounced the same—[too]. And there’s another word that’s also pronounced that way: the number two. We call words that share a pronunciation homophones, and if you take a look at any list of commonly confused words, you’ll find plenty of homophones on it. Words like there, their, and they’re, your and you’re, and bear and bare are up there, along with to, too, and two. It doesn’t matter whether the homophones have different meanings and uses or if they are in completely different word classes; we still mix them up.
The only way to fix this is to repeat over and over again what each of the homophones means so that people who don’t know it get the chance to learn. For those who know the difference, a few minutes of proofreading should fix the issue.
How to Remember the Difference Between To and Too
Since they are pronounced the same, you don’t have to worry about mixing up to and too in speech. It’s writing that creates problems. But there’s an easy way to make sure you’re using the correct word. Because to can be used in more ways than too, it’s easier to remember that too can be replaced with “also,” “very,” or “excessively.” If you’re not sure whether the to you’ve written should actually be a too, try replacing it with one of those substitutes. If it works, you’ve made a mistake. If it doesn’t, you’re good. You can do the same to make sure that your toos are indeed toos and not tos.
Examples of To vs. Too
Crucially the FCO stopped well short of advising against travel to France, which is the most popular holiday destination in the world (and the second-most popular, after Spain, for UK holidaymakers).
Had David Cameron not won an election he never expected to win, he might not have lost a referendum he never expected to lose.
Real Madrid superstar Gareth Bale has announced his engagement to long-term girlfriend Emma Rhys-Jones.
—The Daily Mirror
The African turquoise killifish has one of the shortest lifespans of all vertebrates: it reaches the ripe old age of only three to twelve months.
But from what we’ve seen in this tournament I think she meant it, too.
Chances are that too much information running through our small brains clouds our thinking, making it more difficult to do our jobs.
On the other hand, given that these references are too obvious, they may have been intentionally included to insinuate a Kemalist junta rather than a Gulenist one.
Difference Between To and Too (With Comparison Chart)
The words ‘to’ and ‘too’ are homonyms, that have similar pronunciation but differ in their meanings, spelling and origin. While the word to is used in sentences to denote direction. On the other hand, the word too is used to indicate something of high degree, also or very. Now let’s take a look at the examples to understand how they differ:
- I am too late, to attend the function.
- Joe went to the coaching class too, to find her sister.
- She is too confident, that she will be able to clear Civil Services Examination this time.
In the first sentence, too is used to express ‘very’, while to indicates direction. In the next sentence, to has been used to refer ‘place’, while too is used as ‘also’. Lastly, too is used to refer to ‘highly’, whereas to is used to indicate ‘goal’.
Content: To Vs Too
- Comparison Chart
- Key Differences
- How to remember the difference
|Basis for Comparison||To||Too|
|Meaning||‘To’ is used in sentences to indicate motion in a specific direction.||‘Too’ refers to a greater extent, than what is required.|
|Part of speech||Preposition||Adverb|
|Followed by||Verb or noun||Adjective or adverb|
|Example||I have to wake up early in the morning.||This is too old fashioned.|
|Last Saturday, we have been to Mumbai.||She is not only beautiful, but intelligent too.|
|Could you please mail the documents to me?||Before returning from Jaipur, they visited Nahargarh fort and Jaigarh fort too.|
Definition of To
The function word ‘to’ is a preposition which means ‘in the direction of’. It is commonly applied in sentences to express a purpose, show direction towards a particular point or location, i.e. destination. It can be used in sentences in the following ways:
- To indicate direction.
- We went to Agra, last month.
- I have some work to do.
- To highlight the recipient of something or the one who experiences something.
- Siddharth told that to Priya and she giggled.
- Don’t be so embarrassed, it can happen to anyone.
- To denote a specific time or level reached:
- Train accident toll has risen to 10.
- To represent with regard to:
- They were really nice to me.
- Prior to a verb, to represent that it is an infinitive:
- She likes to play badminton.
- To show a relationship with the people or possessions:
- Her brother is married to his best friend.
- That green book on the table belongs to me.
- To show agreement or want:
- Arun wants to go home.
- I’d love to come there.
- With reported orders and requests:
- Ananya told me to return the book to Daniel.
- Used after question words:
- Can you tell me what to do next?
- To introduce a clause:
- To meet her mom, she went all the way to London.
- To express a cause:
- We are sorry to inform you that, your project is not selected.
Definition of Too
‘Too’ is an adverb which means overly or excessively. It is used when one wants to express something of high degree or intensity than needed or wanted. Let’s understand the use of too, with the help of points given below:
- To express more than what is required, wanted or enough:
- The dress is too short.
- He is too boring.
- Your hairs are too oily.
- To denote also, as well or in addition to:
- I don’t like people who talk unnecessarily and that too very loudly.
- Don’t forget to bring the clothes and perfume too.
- As a replacement to very:
- The numerical is too difficult.
- She is too innocent.
Key Differences Between To and Too
The difference between to and too can be drawn clearly on the following grounds:
- ‘To’ implies ‘directed towards’, which can be used in sentences for indicating motion in a specific direction. Conversely, ‘Too’ means high in degree or quantity, than required or desired.
- While ‘to’ is a preposition which is used to show the relation between the subject with the element in the clause. As against, ‘too’ is an adverb, that is applied in sentences to modify the meaning of verb or adjective and express a degree of something.
- The word ‘to’ is often followed by a noun and a verb. As against, too is used before an adjective or an adverb.
- I don’t want to join the class.
- He gifted the pen to Monica.
- Sonia works from 8 AM to 9 PM.
- Kriti is too busy.
- She had too many cookies in the evening.
- You can join us too.
How to remember the difference
The best way to remember the difference between to and too is that while to has only one ‘o’ too has more than one ‘o’, i.e. many ‘o’s’. So, you can use too wherever you want to indicate more than enough, in excess, also, very etc., otherwise, you can use to.
To vs Too vs Two
Updated on February 24, 2018
When talking about homophones, these three usually pop into your mind. The confusion between the three is not that uncommon due to their identical pronunciation. The good thing is, each one is a different part of speech, making it easier to differentiate between them.
An Ad sign with the usage of the words ‘to’, ‘too’, and ‘two’
When using the word ‘to’, it can either be a preposition (precedes a noun), or an indication that the verb to follow is an infinitive (basic form of a verb).
As a preposition:
- He is going to the store
- She went to Paris
- This book belongs to David
An infinitive (in which case it always precedes a verb):
- He is going to study
- She is going to take a vacation in Paris
- David is going to buy this book
‘To’ may sound similar to the words ‘too’ and ‘two’, but the usage can be a distinct identifier on which of the three are used.
The word ‘too’ can mean excessively when it precedes an adverb or adjective, or it can be used as a synonym for the word ‘also’.
As a synonym for ‘also’:
- Can he come too?
- He went to Paris too
- This book belongs to Sarah too
Try replacing the word ‘also’ with ‘too’ in the same sentence. If the reworded sentence still makes sense, then you are using the word correctly.
To mean excessively:
- He is too tired to go to the store
- She spent way too much in Paris
- David is reading the book too fast
The easiest one to distinguish among the three, it literally is the number ‘2’ that is spelled out. When taking the number ‘2’ out of a sentence, and replacing it with the word ‘two’, the sentence should still make sense.
To mean the number ‘2’:
- I have two hands and two eyes
- She spent two dollars on a burger
- David bought two books
To vs Too vs Two
What’s the difference between to, too and two? The pronunciation of the three may sound exactly the same, but they are not the same in meaning and usage.
One should use the word ‘two’ in cases where the user means the number 2. ‘To’ and ‘too’ on the other hand can be a little confusing. ‘To’ is used as a preposition or as an infinitive before a verb and ‘too’ is used as a synonym for the word ‘also’ or as an indication of excessiveness before a an adjective or adverb. Looking at examples of how they are used can easily show which of the three homophones should be used in any sentence.
|Use it as a preposition or infinitive before a verb||Use it as a synonym for ‘also’ or for expressing excessiveness before an adjective or adverb||Use it as the number 2|
|I am going to school|
He likes to eat ice-cream
|That’s my school too|
It’s too early to go to school
|Two of them are going to school|
Difference Between Too and To | Difference Between
Too vs. to
When listening to the words to and too, they sound the same, but they are both very different words. To and too have significant difference. Too is an adverb while to is a preposition or adverb. Misusing the words to and too may actually lead to wrong construction of sentence.
Here are some examples of how to use the word “to”. First you can use the word as a direction. If something is headed towards something, then “to” is the best word to use. For example: She is going to the kitchen.
Another way of using “to” is when you want to point out how far something reaches, you can also use the word “to”. An example of this is: The race started from the first avenue to the 9th.
Then you can also use “to” when something reaches a particular state. For example: What started as friendship turned to love. The word “to” is also used in indicating a limitation, for example: His grades turned from 75% to 100%.
“To” can also be used before the beginning of something. It can also be used when someone receives something. An example for this is: I gave it to you; when someone is related, the word “to” may be used. For example: He is affiliated to a gang. There are so many other ways to use the word “to” that is why its true essence are often mistaken to be used with what it’s commonly mistaken with: “too”. The word “to” can be used as a preposition, marker and also as an adverb.
After knowing the uses of “to”, it is best to know how to use the word “too” The word “too” is used in a sense that there is something more. “Too” is used as an adverb or adjective. Here are some ways of how to use the word “too” First you can place it at the end of the sentence indicating that someone or something wants and must be included. For example: He wants to be successful too. You can also use “too” for superlative, or something more. An example for this is: It’s too cold. “Too” also means together or with. There are so many other ways in using “too”. Knowing how to use and when to use this word is also very important.
It will be best if you know how to use the words “to” and “too” in the right way, because this will help in the communication of people. If the grammar is wrong because of the words “to” and “too”, then there will be a big loss when it comes to communicating important information to other people. “To” and “too” are very fun to learn. You just have to be patient about it.
1. “To” is an adverb, preposition or marker, while “too” is just an adverb.
2. There are so many various ways in using the words”to” and “too”.
3. Both of “to” and “too” complete the structure of a sentence and corrects the wrong grammar.
4. Both can be placed in various parts of the sentence to deliver the right thought being communicated to the other person.
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Difference Between To and Too
Main Difference – To vs Too
Although to and too sound exactly the same, and use similar spelling, these two words have different meanings and different functions. The main difference between to and too is that too is an adverb whereas to is a preposition or an infinitive marker. Let us first look at these words separately to discern the difference between them.
To – Meaning and Usage
To, as mentioned above, has two basic functions. It functions as a preposition or an infinitive marker. As a preposition, it indicates a direction, location or motion. To also identifies the person or thing affected or receiving something. This preposition is also used to show a change of state or condition.
My parents went to school to meet my teacher.
I gave all my books to my sister.
Mary commutes from Basildon to London every day.
The angry woman tore the letter to pieces.
Your mother wasn’t very nice to me.
I gave it to her for safekeeping.
She was amazed by her first visit to the zoo.
To can also be used as an infinitive marker. It is the first part of an infinitive verb.
I want to visit my grandparents on Sunday.
You need to study medicine to become a doctor.
Listen well; I’m going to tell you a story.
Can you please get me something to eat?
Too – Meaning and Usage
Too is an adverb. Despite sounding and looking like to, it has vastly different functions and meanings. Too has two meanings. Too can mean also, in addition, or as well. For example, too in the following sentences can be replaced by adverbs like also or as well.
Meaning 1 – Also, as well:
Are you coming too?
Do you think that too?
I’ve been to London too.
He is a grown man, and intelligent too.
Children are victims of abuse too.
Too can also imply an idea of excess. It means more than it should be. In this meaning, too is similar to very, excessively, overly, over, etc. For example,
Meaning 2 – Excessively:
He is too intelligent for his age.
You are driving too fast.
She doesn’t look too happy, does she?
If you are too late, you’ll lose everything.
It’s too bad that you lost the right.
There are many fixed phrases that use too. All too, too much, none too, etc. are some of them.
Difference Between To and Too
To is a preposition or an infinitive marker.
Too is an adverb.
Position in a Sentence
To usually occurs after the main verb.
Too occurs at the end of a sentence (meaning 1), or just before an adjective (meaning 2).
To is more commonly used than too.
Too is less commonly used than to.
“Image 1″ by Right to Play – (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia
“Too much coffee” by Mike Licht (CC BY 2.0) via Flickr
To and Too — Writing
September 21, 2005
Question: When do I use “to” or “too”? Example: too difficult or to stay
Answer: The word too has two common meanings: (1) “also” or “besides” and (2) “excessively.” Sometimes people use it informally to mean (3) “very.”
Examples of “too”
- Jane would like some ice cream, too. I, too, am part Swedish.
- Frida was too small to ride the roller coaster. Henry is too tired to watch the late-night movie.
- Nobody seemed too interested in the television show.
The word to is used in all other cases—too many for me to describe in detail. Here are the definitions as listed in the American Heritage Dictionary:
- a. In a direction toward so as to reach: went to the city. b. Towards: turned to me.
- a. Reaching as far as: The ocean water was clear all the way to the bottom. b. To the extent or degree of: loved him to distraction. c. With the resultant condition of: nursed her back to health.
- Toward a given state: helping minority women to economic equality.
- In contact with; against: their faces pressed to the windows.
- In front of: stood face to face.
- Used to indicate appropriation or possession: looked for the top to the jar.
- Concerning; regarding: waiting for an answer to my letter.
- In a particular relationship with: The brook runs parallel to the road.
- As an accompaniment or a complement of: danced to the tune.
- Composing; constituting: two cups to a pint.
- In accord with: job responsibilities suited to her abilities.
- As compared with: a book superior to his others.
- a. Before: The time is ten to five. b. Up till; until: worked from nine to five.
- a. For the purpose of: went out to lunch. b. In honor of: a toast to the queen.
- a. Used before a verb to indicate the infinitive: I’d like to go. b. Used alone when the infinitive is understood: Go if you want to.
- a. Used to indicate the relationship of a verb with its complement: refer to a dictionary; refer me to a dictionary. b. Used with a reflexive pronoun to indicate exclusivity or separateness: had the plane to ourselves.
- In one direction; toward a person or thing: owls with feathers wrong end to.
- Into a shut or closed position: pushed the door to.
- Into a state of consciousness: The patient came to.
- Into a state of action or attentiveness: sat down for lunch and fell to.
- (Nautical.) Into the wind.
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To, Too And Two – Which To Use?
When it comes to homophones (two or more words that sound or are spelled the same, but have different meanings) there are always problems. They can present issues to students and English writers all over the world. A set of homophones that often cause difficulties when it comes to choosing them are To, Too and Two.
Even auto-correct or spell checking programs at times have problems detecting improper use of them. All three of these homophones are are pronounced in the same manner and are almost identical in spelling. Save for two which is the easiest of the three to differentiate. Nonetheless, to, too and two and which to use is worth looking at.
The word To is used for indicating an action, movement or suggestive condition. This is usually towards a person, place or thing. It is also used to express motion, direction or as an adverb. It can be also used to demonstrate an intention, purpose, result or tendency.
You may also want to read The Difference Between Theirs And Their’s
Some examples of when to use To correctly:
He came to our aid when he saw we were in distress.
Did she come to our house last night?
And to think that I used to really like him at one point!
Have him call me when he comes to his senses.
Please, come back to me my love!
If you want to describe something that’s an addition, then Too comes in handy. When used as and adverb, it is another way of saying ‘as well’ ‘besides,’ or ‘also’. Too is a form of words such as ‘moreover,’ ‘in addition,’ and ‘furthermore.’ Too is also used when referring to some an extent or a degree.
Some examples of when to use Too correctly:
It it too bad that Harry never bothered to apply for that job.
You would be delighted too if he had given you such a nice gift.
I tried talking to her but she did not seem too interested.
Lisa wanted to work out but she was too tired to run.
Unlike To and Too, the word Two is actually very easy to tell apart from the trio. Since Two represents a number or a numerical value, it is not that easy to confuse or use improperly. Two can also be used when referring to splitting something into separate parts or into halves.
Some examples of when to use Two correctly:
The last two people off the bus will have to wait in line longer.
These two items are identical but do not cost the same.
I cut the orange into two pieces; one for me, the other for you.
Yes, you are right. Two is better than one!
Don’t forget to check out The Difference Between Homonyms, Homophones And Homographs
To and Too are often confused with each other more than Two. As we pointed out, that is due to not only the spelling, but the meaning. Two is the easiest of the three to tell apart. When it comes to homophones, remember this rule. You can either learn to remember the easiest of the words first. This will allow you to tell one from the other when faced with using either of them. Or you can concentrate on learning to use the word which causes the most difficulty for you. Once you learn to properly use that one, the other will become easier to deal with and use properly.