How to Setup Your Router
Congratulations on getting a new router. If you are wondering how to physically setup your new router? This guide will walk you through the steps for getting your router ready to use.
Before I start there are a few terms that need to be explained. Please be sure you understand these before you proceed.
Ethernet vs. Internet
These two words are very similar. It’s easy to assume they mean the same thing. One is just spelled slightly different.
The term Ethernet refers to the data flowing from the modem to the router. This data flows through what is called an Ethernet cable and is connected to an Ethernet connector. The term Ethernet is often explained as your LAN or Local Area Network but this is not quite right. Even though most people run their LAN on an Ethernet system it doesn’t mean all Ethernet systems are a LAN.
The term Internet is referring to one huge world wide network. This is called WAN or Wide Area Network by most routers. The Internet is made up of all the smaller networks connected together. There is only one Internet. The security of the Internet is much scarier than that of an . You need a firewall when accessing the Internet.
Modem vs. Router
I used to get these two terms confused. I kind of thought the tech savvy people were just trying to make me feel dumb by switching the terms on me every once and a while to see what I would do. I would grin and nod… not having any idea now what they were talking about.
A modem is what communicates with your Internet Service Provider (ISP). This is how you connect to the Internet. A modem has to use what ever style of Internet connection your ISP is providing such as DSL or cable. If your ISP is a cable provider you will be use a coax cable to connect from the wall to the modem. If your ISP is a DSL provider you will be using a telephone line to connect to the modem. The modem provides an Ethernet port in which you can attach a router.
A router does exactly what it’s name denotes. It routes the Internet to all the different devices you have on your network. A router cannot access the Internet by itself unless it is a combined router/modem unit. A router needs a modem to access the Internet.
Taking a Closer Look
All routers are different in shape and size but all the details are basically the same. This guide will be using the Netgear NightHawk AC1900 as the example. You can follow along with your router, it will be very similar.
Once you have taken the router out of the packaging take a good look at it. Some routers only have one indicator and some like the Netgear NightHawk AC1900 have a lot.
Starting on the left what are these indicators?
This is the power indicator. For this particular router it will first be a solid amber color, turning to a solid white color when the router is ready. If the light is a blinking amber it means the router is either upgrading or the reset button was pressed. If the light is a blinking white it means you have a problem, the firmware is corrupted. If the power indicator is off it means the router has no power.
The next indicator is the Internet indicator. It will also go from solid amber to solid white when it is ready to use. If it is off that means the router doesn’t have the Ethernet cable connected to the modem.
Depending on which bandwidth you wireless network is transmitting on one of these indicators will be lit up. If you are using 2.4GHz bandwidth this one will be lit up. It will blink when it receives wireless traffic. Likewise if you are transmitting your wireless network on 5GHz the 5GHz indicator will be lit up and blink when you receive wireless traffic.
If you have a guest network this light will be lit up. Just like the 2.4GHz or 5GHz indicators, if it is blinking it means you are receiving traffic through your guest connection.
If this light is on it means you have a device connected with a USB cable. If this light is blinking it means the USB device is trying to connect.
These four indicators each correlate with a specific LAN port on the back of the router. If you have a device, such as a desktop computer, connected to the router with a cable the appropriate indicator on the front will be lit up. A solid color means it is connected and a blinking light means it is receiving traffic.
The color of these four LAN indicators on the front indicates the speed. The color white for these LAN ports is faster than amber.
On this router the WiFi indicator is also a button. You can turn your wireless on or off by just pressing this button for a couple seconds.
This indicator is also a button. This is if you want to connect a wireless device without entering a password. I do not recommend connecting a wireless device this way as it is not as secure as a password. You can learn more about WPS in my guide titled What is WPS.
Now that you should have a good idea of what the indicators on the front look like, let’s take a look at the back panel.
In this first image I have circled the antennas. The router you are setting up probably doesn’t have three but an antenna connection will look like the ones I have circled above.
To the right of that is the reset button/pinhole. This button is only used on rare occasions. It is recessed like this to avoid accidental resets. I have a growing list of Reset Guides. Just select your router from the list and click on the reset router link.
In the image above I have circled the ports for you. The four on the left are considered LAN ports. If you want to connect the router directly to a device such as a desktop computer, you would use one of these LAN ports to do so. The one by itself on the right is the WAN port. This port needs to be connected to your modem.
In this final image I have circled the power button and power connection. The button to the left is how you turn on and off the router. The connection to the right is where you plug in your power source.
Where to Place the Router
To get the best wireless connection possible there are some things you need to consider.
DO place your new router a central location. Centrally located, the WiFi signal has a better chance of being used anywhere within the home. Of course this placement needs to have a outlet and be within reach of any device you want to be wired to the router.
DON’T position the router near any other major electrical appliances like microwaves or home security systems. The bandwidths are very similar and can cause you to lose connectivity to your Internet if you place the router close to these type of appliances.
Take the Ethernet Cable that came with your router and attach it to the WAN port of your router. The other end of this Ethernet cable needs to be attached to the modem. Ethernet cables come in all different colors. So don’t panic if your Ethernet cable looks different than the one above. Just make sure it is connected to the WAN port on your router. The WAN port will almost always be separated from the LAN ports.
Connect the power adapter to the router in the proper power connection point on the back of the router. This connection point will be a circle with a single prong or tine in the center. Then plug the other end of the the power adapter to the wall.
Turn the router on using the power button. The power button could be just about anywhere on the router. Simply look for a button that says power. The router I am using as an example placed it next to the power connection on the back panel.
Congratulations, your new wireless network is up and ready to connect to the Internet.
Accessing the Router Interface For the First Time
The first time you connect to the router I would recommend using a wired device. This means you need to take a different Ethernet cable and attach one end to an available Ethernet port on the back of the router. These ports might also be called the LAN ports. Place the other end of the cable in an Ethernet port on the back of your computer.
Once you have setup a wired connection to the router I highly recommend logging into the router using the default router IP address, username and password. We have this information for you. All you need to do is check out our Home page and select your router from our growing list. Then click the link that takes you to the Login guide for your router.
After you have successfully logged into your router’s web interface make sure to change the default passwords. Both the router login password and the WiFi password. Here on this site we have all the guides you need to make your local network as secure as possible. Make sure to check them all out.
You might be wondering how to connect to the new network. It will be different for every wireless device.
First you need to open the software application that manages the wireless connections. Then scan for networks in your vicinity. Find the one that matches the router wireless name you just setup. After selecting the right wireless name it will ask you for the password. Simply input the password you just setup for your WiFi. You should now be connected to your local network.
More Guides You Might Be Interested In
Written by Aimie Qual
Aimie Qual has written many articles like this one for both PortForward.com and Setuprouter.com. She specializes in making routers easier to understand. She is available to answer questions on
and you can find more of her articles in the Networking section of our site.
How to Setup a Router [Step by Step]
Router Setup Full Analysis
Router… Well, we know very much about Router and also which purpose it will use. Not only past, today also we
used “SWITCH” (LAN Switch) to share the internet from one computer to other computer and it helps us to create an own network. Within that network, we can share our files, documents, Internet etc. Actually now, Switch is used for a bigger networking purpose. Today we will discuss “How to setup a Router“.
But there is another side of a small network. Basically, in Home purpose, we don’t have to need a SWITCH. So what is the substitute?
The in-home purpose or a small business purpose we need a LAN shared network and if we get an extra facility of wireless, then it could be best for us. Side by side if these all are available as “all in one“ facility also is the cheaper price, then its best for us. So now I talk to you about that thing called “Router”.
The router is now very easily available in the market and also very easy to install. As per my answer to the previous question, this “Router” is the solution to that. With this Router, you can easily share your Internet connection wirelessly and also you can create a mini Computer Network through LAN cable.
If you have One or Two computer then just purchase a Router from the market and start your job easily. I just discuss the full anatomy of how to setup a router step by step. Just read it one and go ahead.
Configuring the Device
- Now connect one end of the power adapter to a router and then plug the other end into an electric switchboard (outlet) nearby.
- Connect the LAN port on the Router to the NIC port on your PC or Laptop using an Ethernet cable.
- Connect the WAN port on the Router to an Internet-enabled Cable/xDSL modem using an Ethernet cable.
- Then connect the power adapter to the Router’s power socket and the other end into an electrical outlet.
- Then Power on your PC, the Router and Cable/DSL modem.
When all of the devices boot up completely (POST), makes sure that the Router’s LEDs light “ON”.
Configuring the Router in web
Thereafter click on “Next”. Another screen will appear then to select Router Mode > select the connection type for configuring Internet i.e PPPoE, Dynamic or Static.
- If you have a PPPoE account, select PPPoE and click Next to load the following figure, and then put your User Name and Password provided by your ISP.
- Then if you have a Dynamic IP (or automatic IP) account, select Dynamic IP and click Next, the Router will automatically get IP parameters from your ISP without entering any parameters.
- Again if you have a fixed IP (or static IP) account, select Static IP and click Next to load the following figure, and enter the parameters provided by your ISP.
N.B: Wireless Settings
If you want to set up the Router wirelessly, first you can set up previous steps and then done that mention above. After wireless setting save the configuration and use for Internet.
Also Read: How to Connect Two Routers
Setup the Network
Select the option “Network” settings > WAN to configure Internet connection type.
- WAN- There are 5 Internet connection types available: PPPoE, Static IP, Dynamic IP, PPTP, and L2TP. Select your Internet connection type from the following and follow the instruction given below step by step:
- PPPoE: If your ISP is using a PPPoE connection and provide you with PPPoE username and password information, then select PPPoE.
N.B: To activate the “Connect on Fixed Time” feature, You must have to configure current time first on the “Time Settings” screen under “System Tools” menu.
- Static IP: If your ISP offers you Static IP Internet connection type, select “Static IP” from mode drop-down menu and then enter IP address, subnet mask, primary DNS and secondary DNS information provided by your ISP into those fields.
[MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. DO NOT change it from the factory default of 1500 unless necessary.]
- Dynamic IP: Select this option if your ISP does not give you any IP information or account information. You don’t need to configure any settings for this connection.
- MAC Cloning- This section allows you to configure the router’s WAN MAC address. Some ISP may require binding an accepted MAC address for communication. If the bound MAC address differs from your router’s predefined WAN MAC address, then you need to replace the router’s WAN MAC with the bound MAC for achieving valid communication with your ISP.
- Repeater Mode- Repeater mode is used to extend the range of the wireless signal of the existing AP or wireless router.
In this mode, users can connect to the device either by wired or wireless. The SSID of the router should be the same as that of the device you repeat.
- WSIP- In WISP mode, the router enables multiple users to share the Internet connection from. On this mode, the LAN port devices share the same IP from WISP through wireless port. While connecting to WISP, the Wireless port works as a WAN port at WISP Client mode.
- WAN Speed- This section allows you to configure WAN speed. Default settings are recommended.
- AUTO: DO NOT change this default setting unless you are connecting an excessively long Ethernet cable from your ISP, which may degrade drive capability, to the router’s WAN port.
- 10M HALF-duplex: Select it if your router’s WAN port does not function properly when connected to an Ethernet cable from your ISP; excessive length of the cable may degrade drive capacity of the WAN port.
- 10M FULL-duplex/100M Half-duplex/100m FULL-duplex: Select it to set router’s WAN port as improving WAN port drive capacity.
- LAN Setup- Click “Network Setting” — “LAN” to enter the interface below.
LAN MAC Address: Displays LAN MAC Address,
IP Address: The default LAN IP address for this Router is 192.168.1.1. You can change it according to your need.
Subnet Mask: Enter the Router’s LAN Subnet Mask. The default is 255.255.255.0.
If you want to set up the Router wirelessly, first you can set up previous steps and then done that mention above. After wireless setting save the configuration and use for Internet.
How to Setup a Router Wireless Settings
- Enable Wireless Function: Check/uncheck to enable /disable the wireless feature. When it disabled, all wireless related features also will be disabled automatically.
- Network Mode: Select a right mode according to your Wireless client. The default mode is 11b/g/n mixed.
- 11 Mbps 802.11b mode: Select it if you have the only Wireless-B client in your wireless network.
- 54 Mbps 802.11g mode: Select it if you have only Wireless-G clients in your wireless network.
- Mixed 802.11b/g mode: Select it if you have only Wireless-B and wireless-G clients in your wireless network.
- Automatic 11b/g/n mixed mode: Select it if you have only Wireless-B, Wireless-G and Wireless-N clients in your wireless network.
- SSID: A SSID (Service Set Identifier) is the unique name of a wireless network. The primary SSID is changeable and compulsory.
- Broadcast (SSID): Select “Disable” to hide your SSID. When it disabled, no other wireless clients will be able to see your wireless network when they perform a scan to see what’s available. If anyone wants to connect to your Router, they will have to first know your this SSID and then manually enter it on their devices. By default, this option is enabled.
- Channel: The channel can be changed to fit the channel setting for an existing wireless network or to customize the wireless network. From the drop-down menu, you can select a most effective channel, which ranges from 1 to 11. Also, you can select “Auto Select” to let the system detect and choose one that best fits for your network.
This security section will allow you to configure wireless security settings to block unauthorized access to your wireless network and prevent malicious packet sniffing. You have 4 days to encrypt your wireless data: WPS, WEP, WPA-PSK, and WPA2-PSK.
» WPS Settings: WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) function allows you to add a new wireless device to an existing network quickly.
Wi-Fi Protected Setup – Automatically establishing a WPA2 secure wireless connection.
»WPA-PSK: The WPA protocol implements the majority of the IEEE 802.11i standard. It enhances your data encryption through the Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP), which is a 128-bit per packet key, meaning that it dynamically generates a new key for each packet. One interesting thing is, WPA also includes one another message integrity check feature to prevent data packets from being hampered with. Only users who are authorized by this network can access the wireless network.
- Security Mode: Select a proper mode for security, which is also supported by your wireless clients, from the drop-down menu.
- WPA Algorithms: Select either AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) or TKIP (Temporary Key Integrity Protocol) type.
- Key Renewal Interval: Enter a valid time period for the key.
»WPA2-PSK: WPA2 protocol features compliance with the full IEEE 802.11i standard and uses Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) in addition to TKIP encryption protocol to guarantee better security than that provided by WEP or WPA.
You can change the default IP address and subnet mask of LAN IP address through LAN Menu.
URL filtering, Virtual Server, DMZ, DYDNS, Remote Management, WAN Ping & Ping settings can be configured through the Advanced menu.
Static Routing, if required in your network, need to be configured through static routing menu.
Routing table will show the routing status.
Bandwidth control function will help to limit the speed if LAN up to 20 entries.
If you want to set up the Router wirelessly, first you can set up previous steps and then done that mention above. After wireless setting save the configuration and use for Internet.
System tools menu will help to manage below functions of a router
- Time settings
- Backup / Restore
- Factory Default
- Firmware Upgrade
- System Log
I think all ends. But Its strongly recommended using a protection in your Router. Otherwise, its all lose if anyone hacks your router.
At last, don’t forget to comment us if we missed anything… and also share your experience.
How to Set Up and Optimize Your Wireless Router
Beyond Basic Setup
If you’ve ever purchased a new PC, you know there’s more to setting it up than just taking it out of the box and turning it on. The same is true of your home router. Putting together a home network isn’t trivial, but it doesn’t have to be overly difficult, either. Hardware manufacturers are making it easier than ever for even non-technical users to put together home networks. New routers come with clearly labeled ports, in some cases, color coded, making it simple for users to connect everything. Most routers have a basic configuration preset at the factory, which simplifies things even more. And networking manufacturers are aiming to make things even simpler with mesh-based Wi-Fi systems like Eero and Google Wifi, which are geared toward extreme ease-of-use, offering fast, seamless app-based set up.
But just because you’ve plugged everything in and it seems to be working doesn’t mean your network’s performance and security are as good as they could be. Follow these basic steps to properly configure your wireless router and optimize your wireless network and connectivity.
Selecting the Right Router
The heart of your home network is your router. So it’s worth investing time researching your options before deciding on one. A good place to start is our list of the best wireless routers.
Depending on your current router’s age, you don’t necessarily need to upgrade to new hardware. If your router is more than a few years old, however, it may only support WEP for security—if so, upgrade right away. WEP is no longer secure.
Large ISPs such as Comcast and Verizon typically provide customers with routers as opposed to modems. The majority of these models are less feature-rich than the routers you could purchase on your own. Also, some ISPs make it difficult for customers to access the configuration interface. Some ISPs even charge you extra if you want to use certain features. For example, Spectrum (formerly Time Warner Cable) here in New York charges users for turning on the router’s built-in Wi-Fi network. Alas, you should buy your own router.
Now that you have a router, you need to get it connected and online. If your service provider gave you a modem when they activated your internet service, this should be pretty simple. Just follow these steps:
- Turn off your modem,
- Unplug the modem’s Ethernet cable from the PC,
- Connect that cable to the WAN or internet port on your new router,
- Power on your modem (wait for a minute or two),
- Next power on your router (wait for a minute or two),
- Now use another Ethernet cable to connect the PC to your router’s LAN port, and
- Turn on your PC.
By default, most consumer routers are set up to use DHCP to automatically assign an IP address to your computer. So if everything worked right, you should now be online.
If you are using an ISP-supplied router instead of a modem, things are a bit more complicated. First, you reconfigure the ISP’s router to operate in bridge mode before you connect it to your new router. Bridge mode means the old router doesn’t do anything to the network traffic and just passes it along to your new router for processing. While you can do this on your own, some providers will do it for you remotely once you make the request.
Once the ISP supplied router is in bridge mode, just follow the above steps to get your new router online.
Accessing the Management Console
With the router and PC physically connected, you can now begin customizing the router’s configuration. Most routers these days are managed via a web browser or a mobile app and are shipped using a default IP address, administrator account, and password. This default IP address will vary from vendor to vendor, so check your documentation to find out yours. Once you have that information, accessing the management console is easy.
- Launch your browser; it doesn’t matter which one you use.
- Enter the router’s IP address, which will look something like 192.168.0.1, into the browser’s address bar and press Enter.
- You will see the router’s login screen asking for the default administrator username and password. After you supply those credentials and press Enter, you should be looking at the management console.
Change the Password and Upgrade the Firmware
The very first thing you should do is change the router’s default password. This may seem obvious, but you’d be surprised how many people don’t do this. Keeping the default password compromises the security of your entire network and can leave your router exposed to anyone.
The next thing to do is to make sure your router is running the latest firmware released by the manufacturer. This is a good practice because you never know how long a product has sat on a shelf before it made it into your hands. Also, firmware updates can address many potential issues before you ever encounter them. This process will vary by vendor; check your documentation for details.
Managing Your IP Addresses With DHCP
Next it’s time to focus on your router’s LAN configuration. As I previously mentioned, DHCP, which manages all the IP addresses on your network, is typically enabled by default on most consumer routers. Your router uses the IP address, a numeric identifier, to locate your PC and route the correct network traffic.
If the computer or mobile device does not already have an IP address, it will request one from the network’s DHCP server, which is on the router. The DHCP server pulls an IP address from a pool of available IP addresses (called a Scope) and assigns it to the device. When the device disconnects from the network, or a certain amount of time has passed (referred to as a lease) the IP address returns to the DHCP pool.
Certain devices, such as servers and printers, need to always have the same IP address. They can’t have their addresses change periodically. If you are in that situation, you need to assign a static IP address, an IP address that never goes in the DHCP pool and is assigned to the device permanently. To make static IP addresses available, we exclude some IP addresses from the DHCP scope so they can be assigned manually.
To set the DHCP scope, follow these steps:
- Log in to the router’s management console and look for a heading like LAN Setup (or something similar). Here you should see your LAN’s IP address and subnet mask, along with a section for the DHCP server.
- Assign a range of IP addresses for the DHCP server to use. Assuming your router’s IP address is 192.168.0.1 and you wanted to assign 50 IP addresses to the DHCP scope, you would set the Starting IP address to 192.168.0.2 and the Ending address to 192.168.0.51.
Working With Static IPs
Now that you have some IP addresses available, you’ll need to manually assign them to devices that need static addresses. What you need to do is to provide the network adapter of your device with a unique IP address, the network Subnet Mask, the Gateway address and a DNS server address. Based on the above example, you could use any address between 192.168.0.52 and 192.168.0.254 for the IP address and 255.255.255.0 for the Subnet Mask. The Gateway and DNS address is the same as the router’s IP address; which is 192.168.0.1.
Just be sure to keep a list of the static IP addresses you’ve assigned already so that you don’t reuse them again by mistake. The process for assigning a static IP address to a network adapter will vary based on the device you’re trying to configure, so check your documentation.
Activating Your Wi-Fi
With your network now properly configured you can move on to setting up your wireless network. This is actually very simple and should only take you a couple of minutes. When you do this, make sure you use a computer that is connected to the network via an Ethernet cable. If you try to configure Wi-Fi over wireless, you’ll lose the connection to the management console whenever changes to the configuration are applied.
Now follow these steps:
- Go into the router’s management console and locate the section titled Wireless Setup. It might be labeled differently depending on your router, but it should be pretty obvious which one it is.
- The wireless network should be enabled by default, but if it isn’t, turn it on. If you have a dual-band router, you should see the configuration settings for both the 2.4GHz and 5GHz networks. Both need to be configured independently.
- Next make sure the Channel is set to Auto and leave the Mode in its default setting. You can adjust these settings later if you feel the network is sluggish or if you’re experiencing dropped connections.
- This brings us to the SSID. The SSID is the name of your wireless network. You can name the network just about anything you want, and you definitely should not leave it set to the default value. Something descriptive is always good. For instance, we might use something along the lines of PCM24 and PCM50. PCM24 would be the name assigned to the 2.4GHz network and PCM50 would be the name assigned to the 5GHz network. (PCM, of course, stands for PCMag.)
- The final step is to set the encryption your Wi-Fi network will use. There are a few choices here. The only one you’re interested in using is WPA2.
- There might be a few WPA2 options listed, but you want the one listed as WPA2-PSK [AES]. This is the highest level of wireless security currently available. Some routers still offer WEP. Do not use it, as it is vulnerable to brute-force attacks.
- Once you’ve set your encryption type to WPA2, assign a Passphrase (aka passcode or key). This Passphrase needs to be between 8 and 63 characters long and should be made up of letters (both upper and lowercase), numbers and special characters. The longer the key, the more secure. Passphrases made up of random characters, such as hy*#Pnj125!ou, are the best, but if you have to use a name or something else familiar, make sure to throw in some numbers and characters as well.
All that’s left now is to save your configuration changes and test the connection. Your wireless devices should now be online.
…Speaking of Security
Many routers support Wi-Fi Protected Setup or WPS, which is a network security standard that attempts to secure a home network easily via the press of a button. Disable it. Researchers have found WPS can be vulnerable to brute-force attacks. For the marginal convenience it provides, WPS just isn’t worth the potential for compromise.
As an additional security measure you can disable the SSID from broadcasting. By doing this you make the network undiscoverable to wireless devices that are looking for available wireless networks. This will hide your network from all wireless devices, including your own. In order to connect to your network, you’ll need to enter in the SSID manually into each device. While this is by no means foolproof security, it will keep your network concealed from more casual users.
Depending on your router, the wireless configuration screen may include the option to enable a guest network. The Guest Network allows visitors to your home to get online while isolating them from the rest of the devices in your network. This is a useful option and we would recommend using it. Guest networks are available on both the 2.4GHz and 5GHz networks. Configure it the same way you did your regular wireless network, but be sure to assign it a different passphrase. For more, read 12 Ways to Secure Your Wi-Fi Network, which includes information on and setting up and using a virtual private network (VPN).
Sharing Your Data
One of the most important aspects of a home network is the ability to share network resources. There are a variety of ways to accomplish this. A server is the best solution, but not many home users will have one. Network Attached Storage or NAS devices are more cost effective and easier to use in this environment. To learn more about NAS, read The 10 Best NAS Devices. As an alternative, many routers have built-in USB ports which can be used to share hard drives or printers among all network users.
Windows PCs also allow you to share data among network users. There are a few different ways to accomplish this, but the simplest by far would be to use a Homegroup. The Homegroup is quick and easy to set up and allows you to share data with all or some network users. It can even be password protected.
As any IT professional will tell you, this is just the tip of the iceberg. There are dozens of additional features within your router that would help to make your network more secure and perform better. These include Quality of Service, better known as QoS, for prioritizing network traffic, and Universal Plug-n-Play, which allows devices like media servers to communicate easily with other PCs on the network. There’s also port forwarding, dynamic DNS, remote management, and so much more. For a rundown of advanced abilities you might actually care about, read 7 Router Features You Should Be Using for Better Wi-Fi.
Once you’re up and running, test your internet speed below.
How To Setup a Wireless Router Without a Computer
If you have a router that needs the WiFi setup and don’t have a computer than there are other options.
Any mobile device such as a smartphone or tablet can be used to setup a router.
Be sure to have your router default system admin login information.
Every router has a default username and password to log into the admin panel. It will be in the manual it came with.
If you don’t have the username and password Google the model number of the router for it, as it will be needed.
Steps To Setting up a Router with a Android or IOS device
First we need to find the routers Internal IP address. This can be done a few ways with using a app being the easiest.
How to find a router Internal IP address without a computer.
A…Use a app such as FING to find the router IP address. This is the easiest method if you have internet access to download the app. Fing is free and available in the Play Store and App Store, for android or apple devices.
Here the Dlink Router is shown as having a IP address of 192.168.1.1
B…Look at the router manual for the default router Internal IP address. All routers have a default Internal IP address that can be found in the manual or Goggled.
C…If you don’t have internet access it can still be done with a bit of guess work.
Internal home networks are a Class C network that will always start with the IP of “192.168.” The last two numbers in the address “192.168.0.0” can change, but there are common ones.
Most common router Internal IP addresses
Open a browser on your device and type the Router Internal IP address into the top bar.
The admin page should come up and allow you to log in with your default username and password.
After logging in you will be able to setup your router as you would on a computer.
Something to keep in mind is that all routers have different setup menus. Often these setups will be self explanatory, such as a WiFi wizard. But if you do have problems the manual will be needed to know where the options are.
Most router menu option though are easy to follow.
How to Setup a Router Powered by Tomato Firmware
In this section, we’ll cover how to setup a router powered by Tomato firmware. Let’s assumes that you have already installed a compatible version of Tomato firmware onto your router. Immediately after upgrading or flashing your router, you’ll want to perform some basic setup procedures and secure your wireless network. This process doesn’t take long and it will prepare your network for basic use and allow you to get online quickly.
Also, if you have a dual band router, you’ll need to setup the wireless broadcast for each frequency band (2.4GHz and 5GHz). Since this is a single band router (2.4GHz only), we need only to configure one wireless broadcast.
TIP: if you are using your router behind a Residential Gateway (RG), such as those provided by AT&T U-Verse, Verizon, etc., you’ll need to disable the wireless access point on that device and configure it to forward all traffic to your Tomato router. This way, your Tomato router controls your network, and not the modem/router combo device provided by your ISP. If you have AT&T U-verse or Verizon, please visit the following URL: http://www.sbbala.com/uverse/
If you have cable Internet service, simply follow the instructions below.
If you have just flashed your router, you need to ensure that the previous firmware settings have been cleared from the NVRAM to avoid conflicts. To clear the NVRAM using the Tomato administration panel, login to the router.
Navigate to: Administration > Configuration
Under ‘Restore Default Configuration,’ select “Erase all data in NVRAM memory (thorough)” and click ‘OK’. Then, log back into the router. Now, let’s setup the router for basic use.
Step 1. Setup a Router ID and Hostname
Router ID / Hostname
Navigate to: Basic > Identification
Setting the router identification helps you identify the router on your network. Whatever you enter as the ‘hostname’ can later be used to identify your router as a storage device for USB attached flash drives/hard drives.
Step 2. Setup a Router Time Zone
Router Time Zone
Navigate to: Basic > Time
Choose your time zone, update frequency, and NTP Time Server.
Step 3. Setup a Router Password
Navigate to: Admin > Admin Access
Upon saving your new password, the router will log you out. You must log back into the router using your new password.
Step 4. Setup a Router DHCP IP Address Range
DHCP / IP Range
Navigate to: Basic > Network
At this point, I do not recommend changing your routers IP address. However, I do suggest specifying a DHCP IP address range, such as 192.168.1.100~200, etc. Be sure the DHCP tick box is checked and click ‘Save’.
Step 5. Setup Your Wireless Access Point
Wireless Access Point
Navigate to: Basic > Network
- Enable wireless functionality
- Select wireless mode = Access Point
- Select wireless network mode = Auto
- SSID = This is the wireless broadcast ID of your Wi-Fi network
- Tick the option to enable Broadcast
- Select a channel: choose 1, 6, 11, or Auto. I’ll show you how to determine the best channel and channel width later. For now, we’re just getting you operational.
- Channel width = select 20MHz (I’ll explain channel width later).
- Security: Choose WPA2 Personal with AES encryption
- The ‘shared key’ is your wireless password. 16-24 characters is best. This can be letters or numbers. Special characters don’t work so well with Wi-Fi networks.
Congratulations! You’ve just learned how to setup a router with Tomato Firmware (with basic configuration settings). You may now connect your client devices to your new wireless access point using the shared key you setup in step #5.
How To Set Up A Wireless Router
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Cable Up The Router & Power On
Make sure you have everything cabled into the router. This will include a connection to your modem or phone socket, whichever is applicable, and an Ethernet connection to your laptop. Manufacturers normally require that an Ethernet cable is used for initial setup. Once set up, you will be able to use the wireless on your laptop if desired.
Power on the laptop. If the router isn’t new, or you’re not sure if anyone has tampered with the configuration, then it is recommended you reset the router. This is usually done via a reset button located on the router. Sometimes the button needs to be pressed continuously for 20 seconds or more.
Configure Router IP Address
First, browse to your router’s IP address. Refer to the manufacturers documentation for the address, but it will be something like one of the following addresses:
To check your laptop IP address, do the following:
In Windows, click “Start”, and in the search box type ‘cmd’, and hit return. You will now be provided with a new black window, known as “Command Prompt”. Then type “ipconfig”, this will confirm what your IP address is.
The displayed Default Gateway IP Address will be the IP address of the router… Once you determine this, you can browse to that address within your favorite browser. Just copy/paste it into the address bar, or manually type it in and hit ‘return’.
Setup DHCP On The Router
Make sure you have DHCP enabled on your laptop. This will force your laptop to obtain an address from the router. If your IP address has been manually entered, you need to switch to DHCP. How to use DHCP
How to configure DHCP on Windows
To refresh your DHCP IP address type in ipconfig /release, then ipconfig /renew
You should now have an IP address assigned by your router.
How To Use A Wifi Router As A DHCP Server On Your Network
Log Into Your Router
Now you can log into the router’s GUI interface. This is where we are going to configure the router.
You will need to open a browser (Internet Explorer, Chrome, Firefox, Safari etc) and type in your router’s IP address. You should now be prompted to login.
There will be a default login for your router. You normally have to enter a “username” and “password”.
You will need to check your manufacturers documentation to confirm what the default credentials are, but quite often it will be “admin” and “password”.
Once logged in you should browse to the settings, or wireless settings. Here, you will set the parameters required to get your wireless going. You need to look for the following settings…
Setting Up Router Wi-Fi
i) Wireless Standard Type
You will have a choice between different Wi-Fi types. For example, Wireless G or N or AC, depending on the router you are configuring.
It is recommended you set your router to’mixed’. This will probably be the default setting. If you know for sure what clients are connecting and so which type to use, then select that type. Wireless AC & N can run faster when specifically defined.
Again, if you are not sure, choose mixed. It will make life a lot easier!
More on Wireless Router Standards
Change this to a name that you will recognize, but does not give away any private information about you or your property. For example “OurWiFiRouter”. Bear in mind that the name is case sensitive when trying to connect into it – “OurWiFiRouter” is different to “OURWIFIROUTER”.
This is your wireless password, or Pre Shared Key (PSK). Make sure it is cryptic. The more complicated, the better.
Make sure you include the following:
- Mix of upper and lower case letters
- At least one number
- At least one non-alphanumeric character
- Use at least 8 characters in total
Make sure you avoid the following:
- Any Dictionary words or names, like: panther, password, banana
- Do not use: qwery, 12345, abc123 (or variations)
- Any clues to who you or friends are, for example: DoB, names
The passphrase “[email protected]” would be cryptic and very difficult to hack or guess.
Choosing your encryption type is important. Avoid using WEP, as explained earlier it’s very unsecure. Try to use WPA2 where possible, or worst case, use WPA/WPA2 – which allows both encryption types.
More on Network Security
v) Wireless Channels
Most routers have “auto” channel selection. You router will intelligently scan the vicinity for conflicting channels and use the channel with the least interference.
However, at times it can be better to manually assign a channel. Especially when you know there is a channel that gets little use. Install a free wireless scanner program on your laptop, for example InSSIDer – www.inssider.com. This easy to use program will show what channels are use in real time. If possible, pick one that either isn’t being use or has a very weak signal.
If using 2.4GHz, make sure you use the non-overlapping channels – either 1, 6 or 11.
What about channel bandwidth?
How to Set Up a WiFi Router
by M. Wade ; Updated September 28, 2017
A Wi-Fi router, also called a wireless router, is a networking device that acts as a gateway that joins your computer and your high-speed modem. A Wi-Fi router also acts as a wireless access point, allowing your wireless-enabled devices, such as a laptop, to communicate with it and connect to your network wirelessly. In order to use your W-iFi router, you must connect your computer, modem and router using Ethernet cables. You must also configure the router’s settings.
Disconnect your high-speed modem’s power cord. Connect your high-speed modem to the Wi-Fi router using an Ethernet cable. Also disconnect the Ethernet cable that connected the modem to your computer. Insert the Ethernet cable that was connected to your modem into the «Internet» (or «Modem») port on the back of your router. This port is usually next to the Wi-Fi router’s power port and is distinguished by a color or label.
Turn off your computer. Using another Ethernet cable, connect your Wi-Fi router to your computer; the Ethernet jack is on the back of your computer. Plug the other end of the Ethernet cable into one of the numbered LAN ports on the back of your Wi-Fi router. It does not matter which LAN port you use.
Turn on the high-speed modem, router and computer, in that order. First, plug the power cable back into your high-speed modem, and turn it on. Wait at least two minutes to allow the modem time to connect to your Internet service provider’s server. Make sure that your modem’s status indicators (the lights on the front of the modem) show that it has successfully connected. Next, plug the Wi-Fi router’s power adapter into the router’s power port and into a power outlet. Wait another two minutes for the Wi-Fi router to connect to the modem. You will know that it has successfully connected when all of the lights on the front of the Wi-Fi router are on. Lastly, turn on your computer. If you plug in and power on the devices out of this order, you may not be able to connect to the Internet.
Log on to the Wi-Fi router’s URL. Open a web browser on your computer and type the Wi-Fi router’s URL in the browser’s address bar. This address can be found in the documentation that came with your Wi-Fi router or on the manufacturer’s website. After typing in the URL, press «Enter.» This will take you to the Wi-Fi router’s settings page.
Enter the user name and password for the Wi-Fi router. After entering the router’s URL, a dialog box will appear requiring you to enter a user name and password for the router. For most Wi-Fi routers, the default user name is «admin» and the default password is «password» or there is no password. Remember that the text boxes are case sensitive.
Configure the Wi-Fi router’s settings and wireless settings. On the main page of the router’s setup menu, you will find links to change several settings. You can change the default SSID (wireless network name) to a custom name, and you can select the type of encryption you want to secure your wireless network. When you finish changing your settings, click «Apply» or «Save.»