Greeting — Learn how to say hello in Vietnamese
To say Hello and Goodbye in Vietnamese is very easy. We can study one word for all: “Chào”. But belong to your position, you need learn to know how to use right way in each situation.
Say hello in Vietnamese: XIN CHÀO!
When Vietnamese people meet each other, they use “chào” or “xin chào” which standing before a relevant personal pronoun. However, “chào” or “xin chào” can only be used in an informal case, for example with close friends. If they want to show their respect, they use “Kính chào”. They do not distinguish between morning, afternoon or evening in greetings.
- Chào bạn! (to say hello a friend, common case)
- Chào ông! (to formally greet a married man)
- Xin chào bà! (to greet a married woman)
- Kính chào thầy! (to greet a male teacher)
Note: When they know each other, they use “Chào” in front of a relevant title and name.
Let’s say Hello in Vietnamese with me: Xin chào bạn! (or Chào bạn)
Other examples: Say hello in Vietnamese with other way: Chào + Personal pronoun + name
- Chào ông Minh! (to greet Mr. Minh)
- Chào bà Hà! (to greet Mrs. Hà)
One thing very special, “chào” in Vietnam means “hello” or “goodbye”; therefore, the above examples also mean “Goodbye Mr. Minh” and “Goodbye Mrs. Hà”).
Chào ông Ba = Hello Mr. Ba
But Chào ông Ba = Goodbye Mr. Ba.
When you meet people, you say Hello (Chào or xin chào)
When you must say Goodbye, you also can use Chào or Tạm biệt (Bye).
“Không” – Yes-no question in Vietnamese
There are many question words available to form questions in Vietnamese but the most basic one is “không” which is used after a statement to form a “yes-no” question. “Không” is a negative particle used in answering the questions. It stands before a verb or an adjective.
- Statement: – Bà khỏe. (You are well)
- Question: – Bà khỏe không? (How are you?)
- Answer: – Dạ, khỏe. (Yes, I am well)
– Dạ, không khỏe. (No, I am not well)
[Audio] Hi & Hello in Vietnamese. How to say Hello in Vietnamese?
Hi everyone! It’s very long time from my last article. I was very busy with my job, my trips and my family. But now I’m back (with better English, I guess) and going to make a series of how-to-say articles, that guides how to say simple words and phrases in Vietnamese, such as Hello, Thank you, How are you, Please, Yes or No,… I think these are very important words to communicate when you visit Vietnam. So to begin, this article I will teach how to say Hello in Vietnamese. Let’s get started!
How do you say Hello or Hi in Vietnamese?
In Vietnam, there’s no difference between Hello and Hi. Both mean “Xin Chào”:
Again and slower:
The word “xin chào” can be used in any time of day. Vietnamese people basically don’t use the words like morning, afternoon, evening in greeting. In most cases, we only use the word “xin chào” for both formal and informal situations.
Advanced “hello” (if you want to know)
Saying “hello” in Vietnamese seems to be very easy, isn’t it? Yes, if you’re a foreigner and just visting Vietnam for few weeks. But if you learn our culture deeper (to work in Vietnam, or marry a Vietnamese girl for example), you will see greeting in Vietnamese is very complicated and it can make you crazy. Saying “xin chào” to everyone, especially to someone many years older than you, could be very disrespectful.
In Vietnamese culture, age between two people is very very important in communicating, and it’s also decide how do you say Hello. Here are some cases:
– Chào anh: use for greeting a man several years older
– Chào chị: greeting a woman several years older
– Chào em: greeting a man or woman several years younger
– Chào chú: greeting a man many years older than you, but younger than your father or mother
– Chào cô: greeting a woman many years older than you, but younger than your father or mother
– Chào bác: greeting a man or woman many years older than you, and also older than your father and mother
Of course you can’t ask “how old are you” to everyone you talk with, so you have to look at their face and guess the age. Did these make you crazy? But that’s not all, there are many other cases (about 10) if you learn deeper.
When you want to marry a Vietnamese, everything will be much “interesting”, there are many other cases. Sometime, you have to say “chào anh” or “chào chị” even when he or she is much younger. Or sometime, you have say “chào chú” even when he is younger than you, and he’s also not your father’s brother, no one can have enough patience to explain why you have to say that. Greeting when you’re a member of Vietnamese family is very difficult, even with me, it’s not easy too. I had to take many time to learn, but still can’t remember all.
This may seem funny to you, a foreigner, and sometime, I also wish greeting in Vietnam is only “hello” and “hi”. But anyway, it’s my culture, and I love it.
Greeting in Vietnamese may be very complicated, but you don’t need to worry. No one will be angry with you, a foreigner who’s trying to say “hello” in their language, even that person is older than your grandparent. So just feel free to say “xin chào” to everyone!
[Audio] Hi & Hello in Vietnamese. How to say Hello in Vietnamese?
5 (100%) 4 votes
Say Hello and Goodbye in Vietnamese
In a nutshell, the following is the formula to say hi/hello in Vietnamese:
To say hello/hi in Vietnamese:
Chào + [The correct word to address that person]
The following table shows some common cases:
|if you’re more or less at the same age or you’re especially close.||chào bạn|
chào + [The person’s name]
|if the person is older than you and is male||chào anh|
|if the person is older, and is female||chào chị|
|if the person is younger (for both male and female)||chào em|
So if your friend’s (first) name is Hảo, you would say Chào Hảo. If she’s older and called Thảo, you would say Chào chị Thảo. It’s worth noting that we can also omit the name: so we could have just said Chào chị.
There is one noticeable difference in the use of proper name and family name between English and Vietnamese. In English, if you’re being formal, you would probably address the other person using their family name: Hi Jim but Dear Rohn. In Vietnamese, we would always use firstname, in every situation. The formality is encoded by the different way you address, and never in the change from first name to family name. Try a small experiment by calling your Vietnamese friend by his family name, and the person would probably think you’re talking to someone else, if there are many around, or you have forgot his/her name!
always Refer to people by their firstname, including formal situations.
If the other person is someone older and very much admired/respected, such as your old teachers, consider adding a Xin before the word Chào to make it more formal: Xin Chào anh/chị.
By now, you probably have realized that the age factor plays a significant role in addressing people in Vietnamese (and in many other languages such as Chinese, French, Japanese as well). While in English, we’d always use «you» regardless of age, it’s considered very inappropriate not to address people according to age, even if you’re the boss and the other person is your subordinate! This is not about authority, it’s culture.
And if you did wonder why in the table above there are the quite a number of ‘…’s. It’s because there are many different ways to refer to someone who is male and older than you. And there are many other cases we didn’t mention, such as someone who is significantly older/younger than you. Don’t worry, there will be another discussion dedicated to this subject that would clear all your doubts!
Saying Good morning, afternoon, etc.
Below are the equivalents in Vietnamese.
There is one good news: you don’t need to learn the above table! The reason? In Vietnam, it’s somehow not so popular to address using ‘good morning’ and the likes. Maybe it’s due to the pragmatics aspect of language: Chào buổi sáng is 3 times longer than just Chào, which already does a good job. What’s your guess?
The translation of goodbye is tạm biệt so that the equivalent of Goodbye Huy is Tạm biệt Huy. The usage of tạm biệt is exactly the same as that of chào. If you are young (at age or at heart) and the other person is likewise, it’s hip to use Bye as in Bye Huy. But whenever you every suspect the other person is being formal, please don’t use it.
- To say hello: (Xin) Chào + bạn/< Proper Name >/anh/chị
- It’s usually uncommon to say the equivalents of Good morning in normal situations.
- To say goodbye: Tạm biệt + bạn/< Proper name >/anh/chị.
Vietnamese University — Learn Vietnamese online
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[Learn Vietnamese online] You are standing at Vietnamese conversation. Vietnamese conversation below will help you learn Vietnamese online more easily. Hội thoại 6 – Common conversation Vietnamese-English 1 (In a restaurant) Thủy: “Phong, đã khá lâu rồi không gặp nhau, bạn có khỏe không?” Thủy:… Read More
To say Hello and Goodbye in Vietnamese is very easy. We can study one word for all: “Chào”. But belong to your position, you need learn to know how to use right way in each situation. When Vietnamese people meet each other, they use “chào”… Read More
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How to Say Hello in 100 Languages
A greeting is often the first point of call for human communication, and should be the first phrase you learn from any foreign language. Opening a conversation with a greeting is polite and shows willingness to communicate. Don’t be nervous about saying hello as the effort will usually be appreciated even if you don’t get it quite right! Reading how to greet others in many languages is both rewarding and fun, so here’s a handy list of how to say hello in 100 languages, along with the phonetic pronunciation.
Hello in 100 languages, sorted by continent in alphabetical order.
Spread over at least six major language families, Africa’s language diversity is incomparable to the rest of the world and includes huge tonal diversity, and even the use of clicks and unique mouth movements to help articulate phrases in certain contexts. Saying ‘Hello’ at least, is fortunately often easy to pronounce!
- hallo (hah-loh) — hello
- tena jistilign (teh-nah yihst-ihl-ihgn) — hello (formal)
- selam (sae-lahm) — hello (informal)
- moni (moh-nee) / muli bwanji (moo-lee bwahn-jee) — hello
- salama alaikum (sah-lahm-ah ah-lai-koom) — hello (formal)
- sannu (sahn-noo) — hello (informal)
- ndêwó (in-deh-woh) — hello (formal)
- kèdú (keh-doh) — hello (informal)
- muraho (moo-rah-hoh) — hello
- bite (bee-teh) — hello (informal)
- mbote (mboh-teh) — hello
- ki kati (kee kah-tee) — hello (informal)
- manao ahoana (man-ow ah-ohn-ah) / salama (sah-lAHm-ah) / akory (ah-kOO-ree)
- miarahaba (mee-arah-hah-bah) — hello
- salibonani (sah-lee-boh-nah-nee) — hello
- dumêlang (doo-meh-lang) — hello
- ashamaa (ah-shah-maa) — hello
- attam (aht-tahm) — hello (informal)
- dumela (doo-meh-lah) — hello
- mhoro (mhoh-roh) — hello (singular)
- mhoroi (mhoh-roh-ee) — hello (plural)
- jambo (jahm-boh) — hello
- hujambo (hoo-jahm-boh) — hello
- sawubona (sah-woo-boh-nah) — hello
- selam (seh-lahm) — hello
- avuxeni (ah-voo-sheh-nee) — hello (greeting)
- ahee (ah-hee) — hello (response)
- dumela (doo-meh-lah) — hello
- salaam aleekum (sah-laam ah-ley-koom) — hello
- sawubona (sah-woo-boh-nah) — hello
Aside from Turkic languages of Central Asia and some Asian languages that were influenced by European colonization, most Asian languages are astoundingly unique and diverse, and there’s less common ground shared with other major language families.
Thai, Lao, Cambodian, Vietnamese, Cantonese, Japanese and Chinese are tonally varied languages, meaning as you speak, pitch changes dramatically alter the meaning of words and phrases. By observing native speakers, you can hear how certain phrases, including greetings, are articulated in their native natural ways.
- barev dzez (bah-REV DZEZ) — hello
- barev (bah-REV) — hello (informal)
- salam (sah-lam) — hello
- nômoshkar (naw-mo-shkar) — hello (for Hindus)
- assalamualaikum (ahs-sah-lahmoo-ah-lay-koom) / salam (sah-lahm) — hello (for Muslims)
- mingalarba (min-ga-la-ba) — hello
- chum reap suor (*) — hello (formal)
- sous-dey (*) — hello (informal)
- nǐ hǎo (nee how) — hello
- kuzu-zangpo (koo-zoo-zang-poh) — hello
- gamarjoba (gah-mahr-joh-bah) — hello
- namaste (nah-mah-steh) — hello
- kem cho (kem-choh) — hello (lit. How are you?)
- namaste (nah-mah-steh) — hello
- konnichiwa (kohn-nee-chee-wah) — good afternoon / hello
- namaste (nah-mah-steh) / namaskāra (nah-mah-skah-rah) — hello
- sälemetsiz be? (sah-lem-met-siz beh) — hello (formal)
- sälem (sah-lem) — hello (informal)
- annyeonghaseyo (an-nyee-ong-hah-seh-yo) — hello (formal)
- annyeong (ah-nyee-ong) — hello (informal)
- salamatsyzby (sah-lam-aht-seez-bee) — hello (formal)
- salam (sah-lam) — hello (informal)
- sabaidee (sah-bai-dee) — hello
- selamat pagi (se-lah-maht pah-gee) — good morning
- selamat petang (se-lah-maht pe-tahng) — good afternoon
- selamat malam (se-lah-maht mah-lahm) — good night
- hello (he-loh) — hello
- hai (hai) — hello (informal)
- namaskaram (nah-mah-skahr-ahm) — hello (formal)
- aay (ah-yeh) — hello (informal)
- sain baina uu (sain bai-na OO) — hello
- namaste (nah-mahs-teh) — hello
- salaam (sah-lahm) — hello
- khe chare (KHEH chah-reh) — hello (informal)
- sat sri akal ji (saht sree ah-kahl jee) — hello (formal, Sikh)
- asalamwalaykum (ah-sah-lahm-wah-lay-koom) — hello (formal, Muslim)
- sat sri akal (saht sree ah-kahl) — hello (informal, Sikh)
- salaam (sah-laam) — hello (informal, Muslim)
- āyubōvan (ah-yuh-boh-van) — hello (formal)
- halō (ha-loh) — hello (informal)
- kumusta? (koo-moos-ta) — hello
- helów (hey-LOW) — hello (informal)
- lí-hó (lee-hoh) — hello
- vaṇakkam (vah-nahk-kahm) — hello
- isänmesez (ees-aen-meh-sehz) / sawmısız (saw-mis-siz) — hello
- sälam (sae-lahm) — hello (informal)
- namaskārām (nah-mahs-kaar-am) — hello
- sà-wàt-dee (*) — hello
- tashi delek (tah-shee del-ek) — hello
- āssālam ‘alaykum (ahs-sah-lahm ah-lay-koom) — hello (greeting)
- wālaikum assalām (wah-lay-koom ahs-sah-lahm) — hello (response)
- salām (sah-lam) — hello (informal)
- ässalamu läykum (aes-sah-lahm-oo lae-koom) — hello (greeting)
- wä’äläykum ässalam (wae-aelae-koom aes-sah-lahm) — hello (response)
- yahshimusiz (yah-shih-moo-sihz) — hello (informal)
- assalomu aleykum (ahs-sah-lo-moo ah-lay-koom) — hello (formal)
- salom (sah-lom) — hello (informal)
- xin chào (sin chow) — hello
Romance, Germanic and Slavic languages are the three major Indo-European language families and there is a lot of overlapping vocabulary and word formation. Through the Latin and Greek formations and derivations of many words and phrases, you will see many similarities between the European greetings in this list.
- tungjatjeta (toon-jah-TYEH-tah) — hello (formal)
- tjeta (TYEH-tah) — hello (informal)
- kaixo (kai-sho) — hello
- vitaju (vee-TAH-you) — hello
- demat (de-mat) — hello / good day
- zdravejte (zdrah-VEY-teh) — hello (formal)
- zdravej (zdrah-VEY) — hello (informal)
- dobar dan (DOH-bahr dahn) — good day
- zdravo (ZDRAH-voh) / merhaba (MEHR-hah-bah) — hello (informal)
- dobrý den (DOH-bree dehn) — good day
- ahoj (ahoy) — hello
- hallo (ha-loh) — hello
- hej (hai) — hi/hey
- hallo (HAH-low) — hello
- tere (TEHR-reh) — hello
- hyvää päivää (HOO-vah PAI-vah) — good day
- terve (TEHR-veh) — hello
- moi (moy) / hei (hay) — hey
- bonjour (bohn-ZHOOR) — hello / good day
- salut (sah-LOO) — hello (informal)
- dia duit (DEE-ah GHWIT) — hello
- guten tag (goo-ten tahk) — good day / hello
- hallo (ha-loh) — hello (informal)
- yasass (YAH sahss) — hello (formal)
- yassou (YAH soo) — hello (informal)
- szervusz (SEHR-voos) — hello
- szia (SEE-ah) — hello (informal)
- góðan dag (goh-than da-yin) — good day
- halló (ha-loh) — hello
- hæ (hai) — hi
- buon giorno (bwohn JOHR-noh) — good day/hello
- salve (SAHL-veh) — hello (formal)
- ciào (chow) — hello (informal)
- sveika (SVEH-kah) — hello (to a male)
- sveiks (SVEH-eeks) — hello (to a female)
- labas (LAH-bahs) — hi
- sveikas (SVAY-kahs) — hello (to a male)
- sveika (svay-KAH) — hello (to a female)
- sveiki (svay-KEE) — hello (plural)
- moïen (moy-en) — hello
- god dag (goo dahg) — hello
- hei (hay) — hi
- dzień dobry (jeen doh-bree) — good day / hello
- cześć (cheshch)— hello
- salut (sah-LOOT) — hello
when talking to one person
when talking to more than one person
informal; when speaking to a male
informal; when speaking to a female
Local Hawaiian Pidgin
sain baina uu?
wa uhala po, meme?
to a female; response is «ee»
wa uhala po, tate?
to a male; response is «ee»
formal; response is «ee»
As in other Islamic societies, an abbreviation for «as-salaam-o-aleykum.» «Do-rood,» also, means «hello.»
meaning «long live»
South African English
Tagalog (Pilipino — Philippines)
«how are you?»
formal: «How are you?»
Tetum (Timor — Leste)
said by a female
said by a male
malo e leilei
Tsonga (South Africa)
when greeting adults
when greeting peers or juniors