How To Grind Flaxseed — Let’s See Step By Step Instructions!
The name says it all! Flax means ‘very useful’ in Latin. Flax seeds have been used for curing many ailments for many generations going back to ancient Egyptian civilization.
In recent times, use of Flaxseed is becoming more and more popular among the health conscious due to its numerous health benefits. This seed which is obtained from the flax plant can be considered as a ‘Super Food’, rightly so, since it contains an abundance of nutrients and anti-oxidants.
There is no doubt that Flaxseeds should be introduced into our regular diet, but there are many questions relating to how exactly it should be used to get the maximum benefit. This article is going to touch upon the best methods on how to make flaxseed powder with step by step instructions on how to grind flaxseed.
Benefits Of Flaxseed
- It has high fiber content – aids in digestion and controlling blood sugar levels.
- The Omega -3 fatty acids in Flax seeds is good for your cholesterol and for a healthy heart.
- It offers numerous benefits to menopausal and postmenopausal women by reducing the ‘hot flashes’ and balancing the wavering hormones.
- The anti-oxidants in flax seeds keep the cells in our body healthy. This not only prolongs aging but also keeps cancer at bay.
- The high phosphorous content in flaxseed aids in keeping bones and teeth healthy.
- It promotes the growth of skin and hair.
Do Flax Seeds Need To Be Ground To Be Effective
The next question in your mind is ‘Can I grind flax seeds?’Well, getting maximum benefit from food depends on the way we effectively use them. We must ensure that we don’t lose the essential nutrients in the process. Hence it is quintessential that we gain awareness on how to use the flax seeds to enjoy its superpower.
Flax seeds are recommended to be used as a powder instead of the seeds as a whole. This is mainly because, our body absorbs the nutrients on the shell, but the super nutrients inside, and mainly the Omega 3 fatty acids are lost and wasted. So if there is any confusion on Do flax seeds needs to be ground to be effective, be assured that flaxseed powder is the way to go!
So it is now clear why using ground flax seeds is way better than the seed itself. Now, let us see how to make flax seed powder and how to grind flax seed.
How To Make Flaxseed Powder?
1. In A Blender
Flaxseed powder tends to go stale quickly. It is best to grind the whole flax seeds in small quantities.
How To Grind Flaxseed?
- Take a small amount of flax seed and put it in the blender.
- Keep the setting in the extreme powder mode.
- Grind for 10-15 seconds till the seeds have become very fine powder.
- Store in an airtight container.
2. In A Coffee Grinder
This is usually the easiest method that can be used to grind flax seed. The blades in the coffee grinder are powerful and easily powder the seeds.
How To Grind Flaxseed?
- Put the seeds in the coffee grinder.
- Close the lid and press down for 10 seconds.
- Flaxseed powder is ready!
3. In A Pepper Mill
If you have a pepper mill at home, you can try some old-fashioned grinding. It is hard work and can be used for fewer amounts of flax seed. It is not easy on your hands and can be time-consuming.
How To Grind Flaxseed?
- Put some flax seeds into the pepper mill and twist the top.
- The flax seed will be grounded and the powder will be dispensed from the bottom.
4. In A Mortar And Pestle
This was how seeds were ground originally. It requires a little bit of effort and few minutes to get fresh ground flax seed powder.
How To Grind Flaxseed?
- Add around a cup of flax seeds to the mortar.
- Grind the seeds with the pestle by rotating and twisting it.
- Continue till the required consistency is achieved.
5. In An Immersion Blender
It is true that immersion blenders are generally used for semi-solids and liquids, but you can also try your hand at flax seeds.
How To Grind Flaxseed?
- Take the deep jar provided with the blender.
- Put a cup of flax seeds into them.
- Immerse the blender into the jar and grind in the low pulse.
- Do not move the blender around the jar.
- Grind until the flax seeds are powdered finely.
By now, you must be convinced about doubts on ‘Can I grind flax seeds?’ and move on to saying ‘I can grind flax seeds!’
How To Use The Flaxseed Powder?
There are no limits to the methods in which flax seeds can be incorporated into your daily diet. It all depends on your taste, the kind of food you normally have. But as a rule, if you make it as simple as possible, you would use them regularly and enjoy the benefits.
Some suggestions to add flax seeds powder in your diet:
- Add it to your fruit smoothies.
- Mix a spoon with yogurt and eat.
- Sprinkle half a spoon in your morning cereal.
- Add it to the dough for making bread, cookies etc.
- Add a spoon of the powder to your salads and sandwiches.
1. Can I lose weight using flax seed powder?
You can say that flaxseed powder support weight loss. The fiber in flaxseed powder make you feel full for a prolonged time and along with the omega-3 fatty acids, the process becomes faster.
2. What are the side effects of flax seed?
Flaxseed powder used in moderation does not cause any side effects. However, if you have any gastrointestinal problems, it is advisable to stay away from flaxseeds powder or lower the doses. It is important to drink lots of fluids along with flax seeds since it has lots of fiber and may cause constipation otherwise.
3. How much flax seed powder can I eat in a day?
It is recommended to start with 2 tablespoons of flax seed powder per day. A gradual increase to a maximum of 6 tablespoons a day is within safe limits. Watch out for side effects such as loose motion, and reduce dosage accordingly.
4. What is the expiry for the ground flax seed powder?
Ground flax seeds become stale sooner than the whole seeds. It usually is good to use for up to six months if stored in airtight container, in the refrigerator.
Use ground flax seed powder! It is more effective than the seeds and delivers an amazing array of nutrients. Go ahead; now that you know how to grind flaxseed and how to use the flax seed powder, experiment away! Welcome the healthy ‘you’ and enjoy watching the changes in yourself!
Read more – Amazing Health and Beauty Benefits of Flaxseeds!
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5 Ways To Use Ground Flaxseed
Here are 5 ways to add a boost of fiber and omega-3s with ground flaxseed to your recipes – beyond simply mixing into your muffin or pancake batters.
It’s Healthy Kitchen Hacks Wednesday – the day we share our favorite time-saving kitchen tricks and cooking shortcuts to help you make healthy and delicious meals.
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Now…onto today’s featured Healthy Kitchen Hack:
5 WAYS TO USE GROUND FLAXSEED/FLAXSEED MEAL
Ingredient: Bob’s Red Mill Golden Flaxseed Meal (affiliate link)
I always have a bag of ground flaxseed in my freezer (BTW that’s the best place to store seeds and nuts) that I routinely add to my pancake and muffin batters. A few tablespoons give a terrific boost of those heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acids and gut-friendly fiber to baked good recipes. But that’s all I really did with it….until now!
5 Easy Ways To Add Ground Flaxseed To Your Diet…Deliciously! @tspbasil #healthykitchenhacks Click To Tweet
Before we dive into these fun flaxseed hacks, here are a few pointers when using flaxseed:
- Either buy ground flaxseed (Bob’s Red Mill Golden Flaxseed Meal is my go-to [affiliate link]) or grind whole flaxseeds in a food processor or coffee grinder. Our bodies can’t digest the whole seeds – so if you don’t use the ground version, you won’t get any of the nutritional benefits.
- You can buy golden or brown flaxseed – both are similar nutritionally. I now prefer the golden as it seems to blend in more seamlessly into batters, toppings, etc.
USE AS A TOPPING – Mix 1/4 cup of ground flaxseed with 2 tablespoons of melted butter and use to top mac & cheese before baking instead of breadcrumbs.
USE AS A BINDER – Swap in equal amounts of flaxseed meal for breadcrumbs (up to 1/2 cup) in meatball and meatloaf recipes.
USE AS A COATING – Mix flaxseed with your favorites spices (I like to do a black pepper, salt and smoked paprika mix) to coat chicken, pork or fish fillets. Dip protein first in an egg wash (beaten egg with a splash of milk or buttermilk) and then in flaxseed coating. Bake on a rack on top of a baking sheet for crispier results.
USE AS A THICKENER – Add 3 – 4 teaspoons of ground flaxseed to your favorite smoothie. You won’t detect any grittiness and it will help to thicken your drink as well. I now routinely use it in my Banana Mocha Frappe.
USE AS A LAYER – Instead of granola, use it as a layer when making yogurt parfaits. In a tall glass, add a few spoonfuls of Greek yogurt, sprinkle with a teaspoon of flaxseed meal, topping with fruit and repeat two more times.
Do you use ground flaxseed in your recipes/dishes? Let me know in the comments below – always looking for new ideas!
How to Grind Flaxseeds into Flax Meal or Powder with your Blender
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The Benefits of Ground Flaxseeds in Smoothies and How to Use them
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Flaxseeds (also called flax seeds) have been around for a very long time and have been gaining popularity in many recipes. They can be used in baking, pancakes (ground flaxseeds in pancakes are really good!), and many other recipes. Lately, I’ve been looking at using flaxseeds in smoothies as an easy way to add omega-3 fatty acids, protein, and fiber.
Flaxseeds, also known as linseeds, are small golden or brown seeds that are the richest source of plant-based omega-3 fatty acids (alpha-linolenic acid or ALA). Adding them to your regular diet gives you many health benefits, including lower cholesterol, digestive health, and weight loss.
If you have any kind of digestion issues, try adding flaxseeds to your diet – and to your smoothies. The fiber and omega-3 fatty acids support digestive health and can reduce inflammation. Because of this, flaxseeds can be beneficial to people with Crohn’s disease, irritable bowel syndrome, or other gut issues.
I’ll definitely be adding flaxseeds to my diet regularly because I tend to have digestive issues. I was diagnosed with Crohn’s disease around 20 years ago and although it is in remission I really do try to be kind to my gut. Over the past year or so I was diagnosed with SIBO (small intestinal bacterial overgrowth) and have been on the low-FODMAP diet ever since – with varying degrees of success. Flaxseeds are low-FODMAP so maybe they will help get my gut irritation under control.
It’s worth a try, right?
Flaxseeds are also gluten free and are a great way to replace grains containing gluten.
Flaxseeds will give your smoothie an omega-3 fatty acid, fiber, and protein boost.
Omega-3 fatty acids promote cardiovascular and immune system health, brain and joint function, soft skin, and a lot more. Fiber supports a healthy colon, helps to regulate blood sugar, and makes you feel full for longer. When you feel full for longer you may snack less. This can help a lot when you are trying to lose weight.
They are practically tasteless – making them the perfect addition to any smoothie. If they have any flavor at all it is a mildly nutty flavor that blends well with any smoothie.
The fiber in flaxseeds turns into a gel in your smoothie, helping to thicken it. If you’re looking for other ways to thicken your smoothie, check out my guide 23 thickeners to use in smoothies that are not bananas.
1 tablespoon of whole flaxseeds contains:
- 55 calories
- Omega-3 (ALA): 147% DV
- Fat: 4.3 g / 6% DV
- Fiber: 3 g / 11% DV
- Protein: 2 g / 3% DV
- Vitamin B1: .17 mg / 14% DV
- Magnesium: 40.38 mg / 10% DV
- Manganese: .26 mg / 11% DV
- Phosphorus: 66.13 mg / 9% DV
- Calcium: 26.27 mg / 3% DV
*Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.
Flaxseeds also contain good amounts of potassium, vitamin B6, iron, zinc and copper.
- High in fiber: Flaxseeds contain high levels of the water-soluble fiber called mucilage. Mucilage forms a gel when wet that will help to thicken your smoothie. Mucilage helps keep food in your stomach longer, increasing the absorption of nutrients. Flax contains high amounts of soluble and insoluble fiber which supports colon health, fat loss, and the reduction of sugar cravings.
- Weight loss: The healthy fats and high amount of fiber in flaxseeds will help you to feel full for longer. This means you may snack less and consume fewer calories – helping you to lose weight.
- Lower cholesterol: The soluble fiber in flaxseeds trap cholesterol in the digestive system – making it unavailable to absorb. This can lower overall cholesterol.
- High in antioxidants (lignans): Flaxseeds are packed with antioxidants called lignans. Lignans are fiber-related polyphenols that provide health benefits such as anti-aging, hormone balance, and cellular health.
- High in omega-3 fatty acids: Omega-3 fatty acids are essential for our bodies to function. Since we do not produce omega-3s we must consume them and flaxseeds are a great source. Omega-3 fatty acids help to support vision, immune system function and may reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease. The ALA fats in flaxseeds also benefit skin and hair health by providing essential fats and B vitamins. This can help reduce dryness and flakiness in skin and hair.
- Digestive health: One of the biggest benefits of flaxseeds is digestive health. The ALA in flaxseeds can help protect the lining and maintain the health of the digestive tract. It can help reduce digestive tract inflammation and some studies have shown flaxseeds to be beneficial to people who suffer from irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn’s disease, or other gut issues.
- Menopausal symptoms: Some women find relief from menopausal symptoms when taking flaxseed as an alternative to hormonal replacement therapy. This is because the lignans in flaxseeds have properties similar to estrogen. The lignans can also reduce the risk of osteoporosis, or help menstruating women maintain cycle regularity.
- Inflammation reduction: Another benefit of omega-3 fatty acids is their anti-inflammatory properties. regular consumption of flaxseeds may help reduce inflammation caused by arthritis or other conditions.
The tough exterior of whole flaxseeds is tough for our bodies to digest, so most of it will pass through our system without much health benefit.
In order to get the full health benefits of flaxseeds, you’ll need to grind them up before adding them to your smoothie. You can buy ground flaxseed (sometimes called flax meal), or grind the whole seeds in a coffee or spice grinder.
Some people will put with whole flaxseeds into the blender with the other smoothie ingredients and blend. If you have a high-powered blender, this may grind the flaxseeds up enough to get the most nutritional benefit from them. You may end up with some whole flaxseeds, making your smoothie a little crunchy.
Adding pre-ground flaxseeds in smoothies helps to make sure you have the smoothest texture and most health benefits.
Whole flaxseeds last longer before going rancid than ground flaxseeds. You may want to buy flaxseeds whole and grind them just before putting them into your smoothie. Or, if you’re meal prepping, grind them in batches that will last for a week of smoothies.
Store your extra flaxseeds (ground or un-ground) long term in your freezer to help keep them from becoming rancid. For short term storage, I recommend keeping them in the refrigerator.
Add 1 – 3 tablespoons of ground flaxseeds to your smoothie to get their amazing health benefits.
Note: You can substitute flaxseed oil for flaxseeds to get the omega-3 boost, but keep in mind that you will lose the benefit of added fiber and protein.
Give flaxseeds a try in your next smoothie!
With all of these great health benefits, give ground flaxseeds a try in your next smoothie. Not only will you get a boost of omega-3s, protein, and fiber – they will also act as a thickener to give you a thick and creamy smoothie.
I’d love to hear about the recipe you added them in and how your experience was in the comments below!
If you’d like to learn more about how to create nutritionally balanced smoothies, download my free guide:
Want to Grind Some Flax Seeds at Home? Try 6 Easy Easy Ways!
Flax seed is one of the most widely used engine grains, with a history that can be traced back to 3000 BC. The screen is rich in phytonutrients, omega-3 fatty acids, and antioxidants. Its versatility makes it easy to be used for everything from crackers to a flour base for muffins and even as a replacement for eggs. Health-conscious individuals have started using flax seed as a way to enhance smoothies and boost the amount of fiber in their diet. Once you understand how to grind flax seed, you will be able to tap into the many different benefits of using it.
Do You Really Have to Grind Flax Seed?
Whole flaxseeds have a hard shell which protects the nutritious inside. In order to get the best absorption of nutrients, grinding the seed is necessary. Grinding the seeds improves their versatility and unlocks the key nutrients which help with digestive health and lowering cholesterol.
Should I Grind Flaxseed Ahead of Time?
As you start to understand how to grind flaxseed, many people wonder whether it is okay to do this ahead of time. Breaking the shell releases the nutrients within and makes for easier digestion. However, once the seed is ground the important omega-3 fatty acids will also start to break down. Consumers can grind flaxseed up to seven days in advance and keep it refrigerated to slow the breakdown process. However, to get the maximum potency, consider grinding immediately before using. Even the mild heat of the blender or grinder can start to denature omega-3s.
How to Grind Flax Seed
Despite its hard shell, flaxseed is relatively easy to grind. In fact, there are several different options which individuals can choose from.
1. Flaxseed Mill
If you wish to get technical, there is a special gadget for grinding this grain called the flax mill. This easy to use plug-in device performs the basic function of a food processor, however can be more costly. It is an ideal solution for anyone who is concerned about having flaxseed remnants stuck in the crevices of their other small electrics. To use, insert up to 1 cup of flax seeds into the basin, apply the lid, and press start to process.
2. Coffee Grinder
The easiest choice for grinding flax seed is with a coffee grinder. The powerful blades cut through the seeds with ease. If your grinder has multiple settings, then choose the finest ground. Fill the seeds up to the line provided inside the coffee grinder. Add the lid and press down the start button. In approximately 10 seconds you’ll be able to create flaxseed meal to use for baking, cooking, or add to your favorite beverages.
3. Pepper Mill
Have an old pepper mill floating around? This is another tool which can be used to grind flax seed. The downfall, however, is that it requires old-fashioned elbow grease and can be more time consuming than using an electric. Load the stem of the mill with flax seeds, replace the bottom, then twist the top to activate the grinder. Your ground flaxseed will dispense from the bottom.
4. Mortar and Pestle
The old-fashioned mortar and pestle is the original method for how to grind flax seeds. If you are one of the few consumers who still own one of these, it will only require a few minutes and a pinch of arm strength to get through. To use, add up to ½ cup of flax seeds into the mortar. Use a twisting motion with the pestle to grind the seeds by hand. Smaller bathes work best with this tool.
5. Food Processor
Small food processors may be used for grinding, depending on the style of the model. Keep in mind that those food processors that have staggered, widely separated blades are going to have a more difficult time grinding small amounts of flaxseed. Add up to one cup of flax seed to the basin. Cover and pulse the on button. It may be necessary to scrape the seeds from the sides into the center with a small spatula to provide a more even grind.
6. Immersion Blender
Handheld immersion blenders are typically reserved for soups but they do have use when grinding these seeds. Place seeds in a deep bowl to prevent «splatter» before grinding. Immerse the handheld tool in the seeds and pulse the low power button. Unlike with soup, you will not want to continue to move the blender around the mixture without stopping.
Why to Include Flaxseed in Diet
Now that you understand how to grind flax seed, you may wonder why you should include it in your diet. This ancient grain has an array of health benefits and vital nutrients for the body including omega-3 fatty acids and fiber. One of the best parts of this grain is that it can be included in your diet as a way to fill you up but only contains a mere 37 calories. The addition of flax seed in your diet may also help lower cholesterol, decrease risk of heart disease, and improve overall digestive health.
Tips for Including Flaxseed in Diet
The earthy flavor of flaxseed makes it the perfect edition to all types of foods. It should be noted that raw seeds do contain toxins which can result in health problems with excessive consumption. The recommended daily limit is approximately five tablespoons. To eat them as often as you wish, consider toasting or dehydrating the seeds. Ideas for including flaxseed in your diet include:
- Mix 1tbsp. flaxseed meal into oatmeal, cream of wheat, or grits.
- Mix 1 tbsp. flaxseed meal into condiments such as mustard, mayonnaise, or ketchup.
- Mix 1 tbsp. flaxseed meal into avocado for a healthy sandwich condiment.
- Mix 1 tbsp. flaxseed meal into yogurt or chia seed pudding.
- Combine 2 tbsp. flaxseed meal with 1 tbsp. water and use as an egg replacement when baking.
- Mix flaxseed meal at your discretion into healthy muffins, cookies, and quick breads.
Since flax seed is rich in fiber, it should be consumed with ample water to promote healthy digestion.
How to Make Flaxseed Powder
Flaxseed is one of the best sources of Omega-3 fatty acids, a high-fiber low-GI wonder that’s great for health. The benefits of flaxseed become a lot more accessible when consumed as flaxseed powder.
When you eat whole flaxseed, not all of its nutrients get absorbed – much passes through the digestive tract undigested. On roasting and grinding, flaxseed releases its nutrients making it easier for the body to absorb them. Plus, roasting enhances the flavor of flaxseed and grinding increases the ways in which flaxseed can get included in food.
Here’s how to make flaxseed powder.
[for 3/4 cup flaxseed powder]
- Flaxseed – 1/2 cup
- Equipment – a (preferably cast iron) flat skillet or tava, spice grinder
How To Make Flaxseed Powder:
Heat a flat skillet or tava on how heat. Make sure there’s no moisture on it, then place the flaxseed on the tava. Roast the flaxseed on low heat, stirring gently every few seconds.
Keep a lid handy to cover the tava in between, as flaxseed tends to pop and fly around when hot.
After about 3 minutes, the whole batch of flaxseed will be doing a merry group popping and there will be a warm roasted aroma in the air. That’s the time to take the skillet off the heat. Keep covered till the popping has subsided, then uncover and let cool to room temperature.
Transfer roasted flaxseed to a spice grinder.
Pulse for a few seconds to grind to powder. When you open the lid after grinding roasted flaxseed, the aroma is so beautiful that the effort of doing it yourself feels totally worth it!
There’s another solid reason for grinding flaxseed powder yourself rather than buying it from the store. While whole flaxseed stays good for months, ground flaxseed spoils quickly. It makes more sense to buy whole flaxseed from the store, then roast and grind in small batches whenever you need it.
Store flaxseed powder in a dry airtight container. Consume within 3-4 days. Refrigerate flaxseed powder to help it stay good longer.
Ground Flaxseed Recipes:
Looking for ground flaxseed recipes? Flaxseed powder blends in beautifully with recipes that call for flour or other nut/dal/seed powders.
A few simple ideas to include flaxseed powder in Indian meals.
1. Make peanut flaxseed chutney.
2. Mix flaxseed powder into hot boiled rice along with ghee and salt.
3. Add flaxseed powder to flour for chapati or paratha: 1 teaspoon per cup of atta.
4. Include flaxseed powder in stuffed eggplant masala or stuffed okra masala.
5. Add flaxseed powder to sattu in sattu paratha.
6. Add a teaspoon of flaxseed powder along with peanut powder in sabudana khichdi.
Flaxseed: Is ground better than whole?
Most nutrition experts recommend ground over whole flaxseed because the ground form is easier to digest. Whole flaxseed may pass through your intestine undigested, which means you won’t get all the benefits.
Flaxseed’s health benefits come from the fact that it’s high in fiber and omega-3 fatty acids, as well as phytochemicals called lignans. One tablespoon (7 grams) of ground flaxseed contains 2 grams of polyunsaturated fatty acids (includes the omega 3s), 2 grams of dietary fiber and 37 calories.
Flaxseed is commonly used to improve digestive health or relieve constipation. Flaxseed may also help lower total blood cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL, or «bad») cholesterol levels, which may help reduce the risk of heart disease.
You can buy flaxseed in bulk — whole or ground — at many grocery stores and health food stores. Refrigerating whole seeds may extend their freshness. Whole seeds can be ground in a coffee grinder and then stored in an airtight container for several months.
Because some unripe and raw flaxseed can have certain toxins, keep serving sizes to less than 50 grams (5 tablespoons of whole flaxseed) per day. Alternatively, the seeds can be toasted or used in foods that are cooked or baked, which destroys the toxins.
Tips for including flaxseed in your diet:
- Add a tablespoon of ground flaxseed to your hot or cold breakfast cereal.
- Add a teaspoon of ground flaxseed to mayonnaise or mustard when making a sandwich.
- Mix a tablespoon of ground flaxseed into an 8-ounce container of yogurt.
- Bake ground flaxseed into cookies, muffins, breads and other baked goods.
Like other sources of fiber, flaxseed should be taken with plenty of water or other fluids. Flaxseed shouldn’t be taken at the same time as oral medications or other dietary supplements. As always, talk with your doctor before trying any dietary supplements.
- Fiber supplements
- Heartburn medicines and B-12 deficiency
Dec. 13, 2015
- Flaxseed. Natural Medicines. https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/. Accessed Nov. 19, 2015.
- USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 28. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. http://ndb.nal.usda.gov. Accessed Nov. 19, 2015.
- Flaxseed and flaxseed oil. National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. https://nccih.nih.gov/health/flaxseed/ataglance.htm. Accessed Nov. 19, 2015.
- Flaxseed reduces some risk factors of cardiovascular disease. National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. https://nccih.nih.gov/research/results/spotlight/062308.htm. Accessed Nov. 19, 2015.
- Saxena S, et al. Evaluation of flaxseed formulation as a potential therapeutic agent in mitigation of dyslipidemia. Biomedical Journal. 2014;37:386.
- Edel AL, et al. Dietary flaxseed independently lowers circulating cholesterol and lowers it beyond the effects of cholesterol-lowering medication alone in patients with peripheral artery disease. The Journal of Nutrition. 2015;145:749.
- Zeratsky KA (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Nov. 30, 2015.
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